National Planning Policy and Executive Direction is thr nped full form. The National Planning Policy and Executive Direction (NPED) is a departmental order issued in the year 2000 by President C. NARESHTHA MOHAMMED KURIAN for “the formulation of long-term development plans that will create opportunities, promote equitySocial justice based on human dignity with an aim to eradicate all sorts of deprivation”.
The document has 8 chapters; Subheadings include ‘Legal Framework’, among others which give importance towards accountability within government bodies while promoting public participation at large., The report stresses how sustainability should be considered when formulating policies or drafting legislation pertaining goals like education access & quality ensuring minimal dropouts rates coupled by increasing enrolment levels especially girls’ secondary school completion rate across districts.
The NPED report highlights the importance of Participatory planning in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) ensuring “Their growth as strong institutions for grassroots democracy”. The document has outlined state government responsibility towards ensuring participation within PRI system. Further, Section three tackles cultural identities mentioning how cultures are not to be considered as ‘resources’ to be harnessed, but instead “Advantages in planning strategy aimed at empowerment and development of the disadvantaged sections of society. This well-documented report also suggests that all plans should take into account gender identities & diverse needs while formulating policies.
According to a report released by Union Planning Commission (UPC), “Growth on per capita basis is expected to increase from the present level of approximately 395 dollar in 2006-07 to about 557 dollar by 2011-2012 and further to 649 dollar (estimated real value) by 2021-22. This will be a growth rate between 4 percent and 4 ½ percent during the Eleventh Plan Period”. It is to be noted that the average annual growth in per capita income during the Tenth Plan was 4.33 percent and it is expected to continue at a slightly higher rate during the Eleventh Plan period. The Eleven-year perspective plan document also highlights education, employment opportunities among others are some of its main features.
The National Electro Magnetic Field (EMF) Policy is a policy by the Government of India to ensure that the people are not affected by any kind of radiation due to mobile towers, power lines etc. The report makes it mandatory for users through their service providers’ to disclose all health hazards caused due to use of cell phones. It also states how base transceiver stations should be placed in crowded areas as well as how radiation from cell towers should be utilized for lighting purposes instead of merely being put to waste.
The Report of the Expert Committee on Development of Hydrocarbon Reserves in India states that “There is a concerted effort by Government of India through oil and gas companies, State Governments and concerned Central Ministries, to identify hydrocarbon resources in the country to meet the increasing demand for energy through multiple measures. This includes exploration, development and production from traditional sources as well as new areas”.