Full Form of DNA
D = Deoxyribose
N = Nucleic
A = Acid
Two Types of Nucleic Acids:
- DNA (contains all genetic information)
• Stored in the nucleus
• Tightly wrapped into chromosomes during cell reproduction
• Loosely wound DNA is called chromatin
- RNA (used to make proteins)
• Carriers genetic message to the ribosomes
• Made in the nucleus
DNA is a collection of molecules that carry and transfer inherited materials or genetic instructions to offspring from parents.
- DNA was first identified in 1869 by the Swiss biologist, Johannes Friedrich Miescher, during his research on white blood cells.
- It is a hereditary substance found in all organisms.
- It contains genetic instructions for the development and function of the organism.
- These instructions are passed on from generation to generation.
- DNA is located in the nucleus of every body cell.
- It is an organic compound whose molecular structure is unique.
- It can be found in both
- Prokaryotic cells
- eukaryotic cells.
- Later, James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the double helix structure of a DNA molecule through the experimental results.
Functions of DNA
- Gene Therapy
- DNA Fingerprinting
- Cellular Metabolism
- Replication process
What are the 3 types of DNA?
The three types of DNA are given below
What is DNA explain?
DNA is a collection of molecules that carry and transfer inherited materials or genetic instructions to offspring from parents.DNA is located in the nucleus of every body cell.DNA was first identified in 1869 by the Swiss biologist, Johannes Friedrich Miescher, during his research on white blood cells.
What is the Full Form of DNA and RNA?
The full form of DNA is Deoxyribonucleic acid and RNA is Ribonucleic acid.
The A and G from a pair of purines.
The C and T pair from pyrimidines.
DNA is generated by four chemical bases
- Adenine (A)
- Guanine (G)
- Thymine (T)
- Cytosine. (C)
RNA is generated by four chemical bases
- Adenine (A)
- Guanine (A)
- Uracil (A)
- Cytosine (A)
What type of DNA is found in humans?
B-DNA is found in humans