The cpi full form is Communist Party of India. In India, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) is a left-wing political party. It is considered to be one of India’s national parties. In 1964, the party broke from the Indian Communist Party. From October 31 to November 7, 1964, the CPI(M) was founded in Calcutta.
C = Communist
P = Party of
I = India
As of 2021, the CPI(M) is in charge of Kerala’s state government and has representation in the legislatures of Assam, Tripura, Rajasthan, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, and Maharashtra. The Communist Party of India’s Politburo is its highest authority (Marxist). The Central Committee, however, is the highest decision-making body between two party congresses.
The Communist Party of India (Marxist) was created on December 26, 1925, as a result of a split within the Communist Party of India (CPI). During the years following WWII, the CPI went through a period of rapid growth. Armed rebellions were led by the CPI in Telangana, Tripura, and Kerala. It quickly abandoned the armed revolution plan in favor of operating within the parliamentary framework. B. T. Ranadive, the CPI general secretary and a prominent leader of the party’s radical wing, was demoted in 1950 on the basis of left-wing adventurism.
Independent India developed close ties and a strategic alliance with the Soviet Union under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru’s Indian National Congress party. As a result, the Soviet authorities desired for the Indian communists to tone down their criticism of the Indian state and support the Congress governments. Large elements of the CPI, on the other hand, believed that India remained a semi-feudal country, and that class struggle must not be put on hold to protect Soviet commercial and foreign policy interests. Furthermore, the Indian National Congress appeared to be antagonistic to political competition in general.